“Such Friends”:  100 Years Ago, November 15, 1922, United Kingdom

The results are in.


Conservatives, 344 seats; party leader Bonar Law, 64, becomes Prime Minister.

Labour, 142 seats; doubling the number they held before, Labour becomes the main opposition party for the first time.

Liberals, 112 seats; split between its two branches, Liberals and National Liberals.

Prime Minister Bonar Law

Selected constituencies:

Dundee, Scotland, two seats:  Winners are Labour and, for the first time in any election, Scottish Prohibition; two National Liberal candidates, including incumbent Winston Churchill, about to turn 48, come in third and fourth.

Former Member of Parliament Winston Churchill

Combined English Universities, two seats:  Winners are Unionist and National Liberal, H. A. L. Fisher, 57, incumbent and cousin of novelist Virginia Woolf, 40; and Independent and Labour, Leonard Woolf, about to turn 42, husband of Virginia Woolf, come in third and fourth.


Yesterday, the British Broadcasting Company began operating out of Marconi House in the Strand, over London station 2LO.

Today, the BBC has already expanded its reach by opening stations in Birmingham and Manchester.

BBC studio in Marconi House

“Such Friends”:  100 Years Ago… is the basis for the series, “Such Friends”:  The Literary 1920s. Volumes I through III, covering 1920 through 1922 are available as signed copies at Riverstone Books in Squirrel Hill, Pittsburgh, PA, and on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk in print and e-book formats. For more information, email me at kaydee@gypsyteacher.com.

Early next year I will be talking about the centenary of the publication of T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at the University of Pittsburgh, and about The Literary 1920s in Paris and New York City at the Osher program at Carnegie-Mellon University.

If you want to walk with me through Bloomsbury, you can download my audio walking tour, “Such Friends”:  Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Group.

Manager as Muse, about Scribner’s editor Maxwell Perkins’ relationships with F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway and Thomas Wolfe, is also available on Amazon.com and Amazon.co.uk in both print and e-book versions.


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